The Science Behind Beetroot

A number of studies have been carried out to determine the health benefits that beetroot
provides, exploring its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as its ability to
improve cardiovascular health. Studies have concluded that the polyphenols, carotenoids, and
vitamins that are responsible for this also promote wound-healing and are anti-diabetic
(Liping et al., 2021).
The active compounds in beetroot are known as ‘betalains’. These are responsible for
beetroot’s antioxidant properties. Betalains are high in antioxidant content, allowing them to
neutralise toxic free radicals in the body (Kitzman, 2010). These antioxidants promote cell
protection, shielding the body from oxidative damage. Several studies have proven its
effectiveness in reducing oxidative stress, with significant positive results being observed
within less than a month in some trials (Kanner et al., 2001).
Beetroot also contains a substantial amount of saponins, a compound with a variety of health
benefits. They provide anti-viral properties (Baiao et al., 2017). They also significantly

increase the amount of blood and oxygen that reaches the brain, thereby maintaining a
healthy heart and increasing energy (Simoloka & Bhikha, 2016).
The vitamins contained in beetroot are plentiful, with the vegetable containing vitamins A,B,
C, and K. It also includes potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and zinc. All of
these provide an amazing source of energy and boost the immune system.
Beetroot supplements have been proven in many studies to improve exercise performance,
and are widely used by athletes. It increases oxygen metabolism and lowers exhaustion
during high-intensity exercise (Lansley et al., 2007).